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‘ASL Bae’: Get to know Black ASL interpreter Billy Sanders

Black ASL interpreter Billy Sanders

Dee Dwyer/DCist/WAMU

Billy Sanders, a Black sign language interpreter, went viral after working for D.C. mayor, Muriel Bowser, during the January riots at the U.S. Capital. As a result, he has a new moniker: “ASL Bae.” He also has a mission to increase diversity in interpreting.

Going Viral

When Black sign language interpreter Billy Sanders interpreted for Mayor Bowser, he got a lot of attention on social media from people attracted to his style and flair while interpreting.

For some, Sanders was the first time they had seen a Black man interpreting American Sign Language (ASL). He even got a shout out from Halle Berry, which he told Channel 4 Washington he found out about from his brother because he’s not on social media.

Lack of Representation an Obstacle

Sanders’ mother, who is deaf, told the news station that she hoped he would become an interpreter. He was resistant though, she said, and it took a long time before he considered it seriously as a profession.

“You wonder why many people who come from my background don’t think about interpreting at all,” Sanders told Channel 4 Washington. “Because they don’t see it as a viable profession or even exposed to the likes of me. And I wasn’t exposed to the likes of me when I was young. All I’d seen were a bunch of white women interpreting.”

Before Going Viral

Ironically, the first major event Sanders interpreted for in early 2000, was a failure, he says. It was a rally with major civil rights leaders on the stage, and he didn’t know one of the signs and froze. The more seasoned interpreter tapped Sanders on the shoulders and told him to leave the stage, he told NPR.

“Thankfully, YouTube was not a thing back then,” Sanders said. “I would have been the YouTube sensation for being the ‘incorrect interpreter.'”

This incident caused Sanders to take interpreting more seriously, he said. He earned his certification in 2010. A year later, he created his own interpreting company. He has been an interpreter at various protests, rallies, and governmental meetings. He does work primarily in hospitals, where he told NBC that he loves “filling an urgent need to connect deaf people with the care they need.”

More Black ASL Interpreters Needed

In 1977, Dr. Shirley Childress became the first known African American to get a national certification. Although this was a milestone, the number of Black people certified continues to be small.

According to a 2018-2019 annual report by the Registry of Interpreters for the Deaf, Inc. (RID), only 1,195 BIPOC (Black, Indigenous, or People of Color) are members. Out of that number, 449 were African American or Black, and only 57 of them were Black male interpreters. That means about 5.4 percent of interpreters are Black. Less than 1 percent are Black male interpreters.

“… about 5.4 percent of interpreters are Black”

For Sanders, that is a problem. He wants more Black people, especially Black men, to become interpreters.

More Diversity in Interpreting Needed


Sanders isn’t alone in wanting more representation. All across the US, people are calling for more diversity in interpreting. Our race, culture, and gender. often impact the way we use language. This can cause miscommunications. It can also add unnecessary barriers and frustrations to certain situations. For example, most white Deaf ASL users will have a white interpreter for most of their life. However, most Black Deaf ASL users will not have a Black interpreter. The same goes for other people of color as well.

Read more: A brief history of Black Deaf people in America

In a video for the National Multicultural Interpreter Project, the late Marin Hiraga, an Asian American, Deaf, LGBTQ activist said, “At the end of August, we have a dance for the dead. Of course, I would prefer to bring in an Asian interpreter [for that event]. The reason is they would have the cultural background and wouldn’t need to be briefed on all the various aspects and terminology. They would already have that knowledge base.”

Progress is Being Made

As talks on racial inequality in the U.S. continue to gain traction, more is being done about uplifting interpreters from minority backgrounds. More and more Deaf Black and Brown individuals are requesting BIPOC interpreters, especially for protests or rallies where there is a need for cultural sensitivity. 

Sanders told NBC that he is pushing for Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) to have interpreting programs. Currently, only a handful offer ASL as a language. There are no HBCUs that offer ASL interpreting. Having ASL interpreting programs in HBCUs would bring the profession of ASL interpreting closer to the Black Deaf community. It would also help bridge the gap between the Deaf Black and hearing Black community.

Kudos to Sanders for using his platform as a Black ASL interpreter for good.

“I hope people don’t #ASLBAE,” he told NBC. “I want people to really push the agenda forward for Deaf equal rights.”

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Author Details
Hello, my name is Catalleya Storm (they/them). I work to bring awareness to issues impacting the Black, Deaf, disabled and LGBTQ communities. I was born hearing but started losing my hearing in my late teens. I identify as Deaf/HOH, with the understanding that I am apart of both the hearing world and the Deaf world. I believe that we all can bring about positive change in the world, and that’s what I hope to do with the time I have here.